The Thomas Hardye School

Weekly Literacy Focus

Week Eighteen

January 23rd 2017

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Colons

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A colon means "that is to say" or "here's what I mean." Colons and semicolons should never be used interchangeably. They can add sophistication to your written work.


There are two main rules that you should know:

Use a colon to introduce an item or a series of items. Do not capitalize the first item after the colon (unless it's a proper noun).

Examples:
You know what needs to be done: practise.
You may be required to bring many things: sleeping bags, pans, utensils, and warm clothing.
I want the following items: butter, sugar, and flour.


Avoid using a colon before a list if it directly follows a verb or preposition that would ordinarily need no punctuation in that sentence.
Not recommended: I want: butter, sugar, and flour.
Recommended: I want butter, sugar, and flour.
OR
Here is what I want: butter, sugar, and flour.

A colon instead of a semicolon may be used to join an independent clause (a clause that makes sense on its own) to a word, phrase or clause with the idea that the second element is to explain, expand or illustrate the idea of first clause.

Example: He got what he worked for: he really earned that promotion.
He became a vet: he couldn't stand to see animals suffer. 
He set up an animal clinic: there were none in his city.
More examples and quizzes to be found at: http://www.grammarbook.com/punctuation/colons.asp

 

Here's a handy video:

https://youtu.be/ZVHNt_XU4cQ

 

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To see other activities click on a title

Inverted Commas

Paragraphs

Comma Splicing

Suffixes

Prefixes

Roots

A lot is two words

Syllables

Short and long Vowels

Magic E

Plurals

Plurals ending in Y

i before e

Homophones 1

Homophones 2

it and it's

Phonics